It is common, particularly in Holland, that when an argument escalates to violence, people will start pushing the other on the breast, as the first step to fiercer blows. So we have started with the breast-shove, it being the usual start of the scuffle, and so we will deal with other grips in their due order. [I don't know an exact English equivalent of 'stoot', but the meaning here is a violent push or shove rather than a punch.]

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N.1. On the breast-push

When A wants to push B, B can move aside a little to make A miss him. Having missed, A will stumble forward, which allows B to grip A behind the neck and push down, forcing A to fall forward.

2. Breast-push in another way

A pushes B, B receives the push so that, when it comes, B throws [literally, 'slings'] his left or right leg before [or 'around' as alternative translation, but that doesn't match the plate] the left or right leg of A, and pushes with the left hand down on the right arm of A, and B grasps with the right hand the seat of A's pants, so A is forced to fall over the leg that B has advanced.

3. In another way

A pushes B, B, seeing this, grabs the right arm of A with his left hand under the armpit, and with his right hand grabs the left wrist of A, and quickly strikes up [literally, 'around'] the right leg of A with his left, forcing him to fall backwards.

4. In another way

A pushes B, B grabs the wrist of A and with exceptional force tries to twist his arm.


To counter the previous, A moves ['crawls'] under B's arm in an attempt to get away ['seeking to get loose'].


During the previous, as A is trying to move under his arm, B immediately grasps with both hands, the hand of A which he had previously gripped at the wrist with his left hand, and forces it behind the back of A, which gives B the opportunity to break A's hand.

7. A counter for A

A steps backwards and places his right leg around the right leg of B, after which he leans backwards, so both will have to fall, and A can get out of the hold.


So they are fallen, because of the leg of A around the leg of B.


The one that rises first has the advantage, that he can grab the other by the neck with the left hand, and by the pants with the right hand, and so force him to walk forward.


As B did the previous, so here A has countered by throwing his right hand back and grabbing the right wrist of B, turning around under his arm.


Having turned under B's arm, A pulls B's arm down, places his left foot on the back of B's knee, and pushes him with his head, so he must fall backward as shown in the next plate.


Thus being thrown, and A being on top of B, grabs his throat with the left hand, keeping the right arm pinned against his breast [with his left forearm]. With the right hand A holds the left hand of B to the ground, holds his legs with his own, so B is prevented from getting up, and A, thus being positioned, can give B, without obstacle, with the side of his head, as many blows to the face of B as he desires.